Ban GMOs Now

Dr. Mae-Wan Ho quote Ban GMOs Now HomepageDr. Mae-Wan Ho (1941-1916) “In Memory of Dr. Mae-Wan Ho,” by Jeff Kirkpatrick, Ban GMOs Now; May 20, 2016)

There are four main working posts on this blog that are updated periodically:

(1) “GMO Reports,” by Jeff Kirkpatrick, Ban GMOs Now

Also see: “GMO Reports: New Plant Breeding Techniques (NPBTs),” by Jeff Kirkpatrick, Ban GMOs Now

(2) “Why Glyphosate should be Banned,” by Jeff Kirkpatrick, Ban GMOs Now

(3) “GMOs are not necessary to feed the World,” by Jeff Kirkpatrick, Ban GMOs Now

(4)   “GMO Law Review Articles (Including Notes and Comments),” by Jeff Kirkpatrick, Ban GMOs Now


I also have a companion blog to this website, Ban GMOs Now Blog. The primary focus of the companion blog is to share posts about GMOs from other blogs, as well as to provide a platform for guest authors who don’t have their own blog or website, but who have something valuable to say about this topic. This provides an opportunity for them to publish there.


“The major basis for the global spread and support for GMOs rests on this fundamental Great Lie: the false claim that GMOs are needed to feed the world. This Great Lie is supported by more lies, myths, distortions, propaganda and the outright obvious effort to spread disinformation. There is no doubt that the reason the Great Lie exists has to do with greed; it is not based on factual evidence, or science, or truth at all. The Great Lie is a creation of and motivated by an increase in profits and the futile attempt to satiate feelings of overwhelming greed.

“It is clear that the propagation of GMOs must end. There is more than enough evidence to justify a ban on GMOs and ethics demand a call for a ban on GMOs. GMOs should be banned now.

“The negative consequences of this propaganda campaign have included the consolidation of the biotech industry resulting in monopolies (and oligopolies); ownership of the majority of the world’s seed supplies by a handful of companies; forced child labor; farmer suicides; and massive ecological destruction – which is not limited to the toxic chemicals leaching into the foods we eat, our soil, water and even in the rain. Left unabated, the force behind this propaganda campaign will continue on its present course and the cumulative damage will be immense and possibly irreversible: the Great Lie must be destroyed once and for all. It must be exposed to the entire world for the vicious, negligent and irresponsible profit-driven fabrication that it is, so that the mountain of lies upon which the agricultural biotech industry resides will finally collapse. An industry that is built on lies, fraud and deceptions that has repeatedly demonstrated a total disregard for the health of people and the environment should not be allowed to dominate the world’s food supply. GMOs should be banned now. GMOs need to be banned now.” (Excerpt, from “GMOs: The Great Lie” – Forthcoming)


Ban GMOs Now – Health and Environmental Hazards, Especially in Light of the New Genetics,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho and Dr. Eva Sirinathsignhji, Institute of Science in Society; July 2013 (52 pages)


 

“There are five solid reasons that genetic engineering is not right for agriculture.”

One: It’s bad science. It was developed on the basis of flawed assumptions which have since been discredited by the scientific community.

Two: It’s bad biology. It was deployed without regard for its potential for genetic contamination and its risks to human health.

Three: It’s bad social policy. It puts control over seeds and the fundamentals of our food and farms into the hands of a few corporations who have their own, not our, best interests in mind.

Four: It’s bad economics. After billions of dollars and thirty years, only a few products have been commercialized, and they offer nothing new. No one asked for genetically modified organisms (GMOs), and given a choice, consumers would reject them.

Five: It’s bad farming. GMOs don’t address the real issues plaguing agriculture; they’re designed to substitute for or increase the use of proprietary weed and pest control chemicals. Patented and genetically altered seeds perpetuate the very worst problems of the industrial food system, and they are undermining the autonomy of the farmers who use them.

Claire Hope Cummings, Uncertain Peril - Genetic Engineering and the Future of Seeds (smaller)

See: Claire Hope Cummings, Uncertain Peril – Genetic Engineering and the Future of Seeds, Beacon Press, (2008)

© By Claire Hope Cummings 2008; Published by Beacon Press, ISBN-13: 978-0807085813

Reviews for Uncertain Peril: Genetic Engineering and the Future of Seeds

“A must-read for anyone concerned about plants and what the privatization and manipulation of seeds may mean for the future of food”. —Michael Pollan, author of The Omnivore’s Dilemma

“This fine volume provides the details of the way we do things now-and the keys to getting towards a farming future that might actually work.”—Bill McKibben, author of Deep Economy

“Although the advent of GM foods has been described and criticized before, Uncertain Peril is the most coherent, complete, compelling, and well-written account yet.”—Chip Ward, author of Hope’s Horizon

“Highly readable . . . Cummings uses her finely tuned storytelling skills to explain why crop diversity is important, who controls commercial seeds, and why it matters that the biotech industry has tried to systematically destroy . . . the age-old right of farmers to save and reproduce their own seeds.”—Hope Shand, Grist

Uncertain Peril gives us passionate and persuasive reasons why we need more public discussion of the risks and benefits of agricultural biotechnology. Cummings never loses sight of the key question: Who decides what foods we eat?”—Marion Nestle, author of Food Politics and What to Eat

“The clearest and most passionate analysis and overview of the biotech seeds debate I’ve ever encountered.”—Pat Mooney, author of Shattering

“I hope everyone reads it!” —John Seabrook, staff writer, the New Yorker

“[Cummings’s] persuasive book reminds us all that we can no longer be passive observers to the world around us-our future depends on it. Highly recommended.” —Library Journal, starred review

“A persuasive account of a lesser-known but potentially apocalyptic threat to the world’s ecology and food supply-the privatization of the Earth’s seed stock . . . stark food for thought.” —Publishers Weekly

“A meticulous and lucid exposé . . . this wake-up call should renew public debate about our food and land use.” —Booklist, starred review

 


Book recommendations:

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Steven Druker, “Altered Genes, Twisted Truth – How the Venture to Genetically Engineer Our Food Has Subverted Science, Corrupted Government, and Systematically Deceived the Public,” Clear River Press, (2015); distributed by Chelsea Green Publishing

Some reviews for Altered Genes Twisted Truth:

“Without doubt, one of the most important books of the last 50 years. I shall urge everyone I know who cares about life on earth, and the future of their children, and children’s children, to read it. . . . Steven Druker is a hero. He deserves at least a Nobel Prize.”–Jane Goodall, Ph.D. (from the Foreword)

To read the forward by Jane Goodall (and the Introduction by Steven Druker) click HERE

“A fascinating book: highly informative, eminently readable, and most enjoyable. It’s a real page-turner and an eye-opener.”–Richard C. Jennings, Ph.D., Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge, UK 

“This incisive and insightful book is truly outstanding. Not only is it well-reasoned and scientifically solid, it’s a pleasure to read–and a must-read. Through its masterful marshalling of facts, it dispels the cloud of disinformation that has misled people into believing that GE foods have been adequately tested and don’t entail abnormal risk.” –David Schubert, Ph.D. molecular biologist and Head of Cellular Neurobiology, Salk Institute for Biological Studies

Altered Genes, Twisted Truth is lucid, illuminating, and alarming. As a former New York City prosecutor, I was shocked to discover how the FDA illegally exempted GE foods from the rigorous testing mandated by federal statute. And as the mother of three young kids, I was outraged to learn how America’s children are being callously exposed to experimental foods that were deemed abnormally risky by the FDA’s own experts.”–Tara-Cook Littman, J.D. 

“Steven Druker has written a great book that could well be a milestone in the endeavor to establish a scientifically sound policy on genetically engineered foods. The evidence is comprehensive, clear, and compelling; and its credibility is irrefutable. No one has documented other cases of irresponsible behavior by government regulators and the scientific establishment nearly as well as Druker documents this one. His book should be widely read and thoroughly heeded.”–John Ikerd, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus of Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of Missouri – Columbia

Altered Genes, Twisted Truth will stand as a landmark. It should be required reading in every university biology course.”–Joseph Cummins, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus of Genetics, Western University, London, Ontario

“Steven Druker’s meticulously documented, well-crafted, and spellbinding narrative should serve as a clarion call to all of us. In particular, his chapter detailing the deadly epidemic of 1989-90 that was linked with a genetically engineered food supplement is especially significant. I and my Mayo Clinic colleagues were active participants in the attempt to identify the cause of this epidemic. Druker provides a comprehensive analysis of all the evidence and also presents new findings from our work. Overall his discussion of this tragic event, as well as its ominous implications, is the most comprehensive, evenly-balanced and accurate account that I have read.”–Stephen Naylor, PhD CEO and Chairman of MaiHealth Inc., Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, & Pharmacology Mayo Clinic (1991-2001)

“Steven Druker has done a beautiful job of weaving a compelling scientific argument into an engaging narrative that often reads like a detective story, and he makes his points dramatically and clearly. The examination of genetic engineering from the standpoint of software engineering is especially insightful, exposing how the former is more like a ‘hackathon’ than a careful, systematic methodology for revising complex information systems. I will recommend this book to my friends.”–Thomas J. McCabe, developer of the cyclomatic complexity software metric, a key analytic tool in computer programming employed throughout the world

“Based on over 30 years of teaching computer science at universities and on extensive experience as a programmer in private industry, I can state that Steven Druker has done an excellent job of demonstrating the recklessness of the current practices of genetic engineering in comparison to the established practices of software engineering. His book presents a striking contrast between the two fields, showing how software engineers progressively developed greater awareness of the inherent risks of altering complex information systems – and accordingly developed more rigorous procedures for managing them – while genetic technicians have largely failed to do either, despite the fact that the information systems they alter are far more complex, and far less comprehended, than any human-made system.”–Ralph Bunker, PhD

“Steven Druker has written one of the few books I have encountered, in my many years of public interest work, with the capacity to drive major change in a major issue. What Ralph Nader’s Unsafe at Any Speed was to the auto industry and what Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring was to synthetic pesticides, Altered Genes, Twisted Truth will be to genetically engineered food. It is profoundly penetrating, illuminating, and compelling, and it could stimulate a monumental and beneficial shift in our system of food production.”–Joan Levin, JD, MPH

Altered Genes, Twisted Truth is a remarkable work that may well change the public conversation on one of the most important issues of our day. If the numerous revelations it contains become widely known, the arguments being used to defend genetically engineered foods will be untenable.”–Frederick Kirschenmann, Phd Distinguished Fellow, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, Iowa State University, Author of Cultivating an Ecological Conscience

“Druker’s brilliant exposé catches the promoters of GE food red-handed: falsifying data, corrupting regulators, lying to Congress. He thoroughly demonstrates how distortions and deceptions have been piled one on top of another, year after year, producing a global industry that teeters on a foundation of fraud and denial. This book is sure to send shock waves around the world.”–Jeffrey M. Smith, international bestselling author of Seeds of Deception & Genetic Roulette

Altered Genes, Twisted Truth is very readable, thorough, logical and thought-provoking. Steven Druker exposes shenanigans employed to promote genetic engineering that will surprise even those who have followed the ag-biotech industry closely for years. I strongly recommend his book.”–Belinda Martineau, Ph.D., a co-developer of the first genetically engineered whole food and author of First Fruit: The Creation of the Flavr Savr™ Tomato and the Birth of Biotech Foods  

“Altered Genes, Twisted Truth reveals how the inception of molecular biotechnology ignited a battle between those committed to scientific accuracy and the public interest and those who saw genetic engineering’s commercial potential. Steven Druker’s meticulously researched book pieces together the deeply disturbing and tremendously important history of the intertwined science and politics of GMOs. Understanding this ongoing struggle is a key to understanding science in the modern world.”–Allison Wilson, PhD molecular geneticist, Science Director, The Bioscience Resource Project

[Note: These quotes are from the website of Chelsea Green Publishing]


Some people may be familiar with the report GMO Myths and Truths. It is an excellent source of information. However, some find that the report at over 300 pages is too daunting to even consider reading. The authors decided to publish a 3rd edition in a smaller, condensed book but which also has new information.

The second edition of this report can be downloaded from Earth Open Source.

GMO Myths and Truths 264x371

GMO Myths and Truths 2nd Edition – An evidence-based examination of the claims made for the safety and efficacy of genetically modified crops and foods,” by John Fagan PhD, Michael Antoniou PhD, and Claire Robinson MPhil; published by: Earth Open Source; 2014 (331 pages)

GMO Myths and Truths 295x444

Claire Robinson MPhil, Michael Antoniou PhD and John Fagan PhD, GMO Myths and Truths: A Citizen’s Guide to the Evidence on the Safety and Efficacy of Genetically Modified Crops and Foods, 3rd Edition, Earth Open Source (2015)

Some reviews for GMO Myths and Truths:

“Many who defend the use of GMO crops and foods claim that there is no evidence that any GMO is harmful to health or the environment. But this is wrong. There is plenty of sound empirical evidence of such harm, presented by qualified scientists in peer-reviewed literature. This book is a succinct summary and documentation of that evidence.”–Richard Jennings, PhD, Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge, UK

GMO Myths and Truths is a very important contribution to the GMO debate. Written in a clear and concise style, it is an invaluable reference for those wanting to learn more about the arguments of proponents and those critical of the technology. I found it of great value in my own efforts to better understand the issue. I hope this information will be widely available to students and to the general public.”–Jane Goodall, PhD, DBE, and UN Messenger of Peace

“Using peer-reviewed studies and other documented evidence, GMO Myths and Truths deconstructs the false and misleading claims that are frequently made about the safety and efficacy of GM crops and foods. The book shows that far from being necessary to feed the world, GM crops are a risky distraction from the real causes of hunger. What is more, there is no reason to take this risk, since GM crops do not consistently raise yields, reduce pesticide use, or provide more nutritious food. GM crops and foods have not been shown to be safe to eat – and both animal feeding studies and non-animal laboratory experiments indicate that some GM foods, as well as most of the chemicals required to produce them, are toxic. Fortunately, the book shows that there are effective and sustainable alternatives to GM that can ensure a safe and plentiful food supply for current and future populations. GMO Myths and Truths is an invaluable and easy-to-read resource for everyone, including students, scientists, and members of the general public.”–David Schubert, PhD, Professor and Director, Cellular Neurobiology, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California, USA

“Genetic engineering and its applications in agriculture are complex topics, even for scientists that are engaged with them. The range of techniques is large, as is the range of their implications for different groups in society,  from the farmer, through to the citizen, to the corporation. It is difficult sometimes to have the latest information at the end of the fingertips and to understand the difference in how the same evidence is framed depending on the interests behind the science. GMO Myths and Truths is a great resource for me. It is written in a form that makes it readable to non-experts without losing value for the expert looking for the latest references. It has become one of my standard ‘go-to’ reviews when I need to refresh myself on the history, practice, or technical details in this fast moving, demanding and important area.”–Jack Heinemann, PhD, Professor, School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, New Zealand

GMO Myths and Truths is a much needed objective evaluation to separate propaganda and failed promises from the science of this critical topic.”–Don M. Huber, PhD, Professor Emeritus, Purdue University

“The role of provider of children’s health care has become an onerous job in this modern era. The rapid demise of children’s health where more children are chronically sick than well is statistically demonstrated in the US. The common denominator to all children’s health is their food. We, as pediatricians, have had to become geneticists and toxicologists to understand the impact of our changing food system in our modern agro-environment and its effect on our children’s well-being without support from our traditional medical literary sources. Drs. Antoniou and Fagan and Claire Robinson have provided a concise reference on the topic of GM foods and their impact that will educate the physician, farmer, citizen and policymaker. From this easily-readable third edition, a busy practitioner is able to extract the necessary information on the state of GM science to be utilized in their medical practice. Thoroughly sourced, this book is a must-read to understand the effects of GM food, Bt toxin, and pesticides, including their impacts on health. Its value is undeniable. It has simplified a very complex science without losing its scientific profundity.”–Michelle Perro, MD, Institute for Health and Healing, Greenbrae, California, USA

“To all those concerned citizens, policymakers, journalists, researchers and students who have missed a reliable, unbiased, comprehensive and readable account of plant genetic engineering and its unpredictable consequences: Here it is, and it is a splendid piece of work!”–Terje Traavik, PhD, Professor of Virology and Professor Emeritus of Gene Ecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiT – The Arctic University of Norway; and Scientific Director Emeritus, Gen.k – Centre for Biosafety, Norway

“The global GM commercial and political juggernaut has already corrupted science by promoting a propaganda campaign to misinform the world that ‘science’ has revealed the unqualified safety of GM crops and foods, with no further question. This vitally important book documents the wide-ranging and well-grounded science that demolishes this political deception – a deception that has traduced the good name of science. The book also shows the systematic double standards exercised by those promoting GM, whereby studies claiming to show GM is safe are accepted with lower standards of scientific rigour than those showing evidence of harm and the need for further research. This book is essential reading for all involved, anywhere, with GM and agrichemicals risk and policy issues.”–Brian Wynne, PhD, Professor Emeritus of Science Studies and founding Research Director of the Centre for the Study of Environmental Change (CSEC); and former Associate Director of the UK ESRC Centre for Economic and Social Aspects of Genomics, Cesagen, Lancaster University, UK

GMO Myths and Truths is unquestionably the go-to source for up-to-date, scientifically rigorous evidence bearing on genetic modification. As a scientist, I applaud not simply the heavy reliance on refereed literature, but also the attention to organization and interpretation, which makes technical information accessible to the non-specialist.”–E. Ann Clark, PhD, Associate Professor (retired), Plant Agriculture, University of Guelph, Canada

GMO Myths and Truths is a scientifically correct, honest, and accessible discussion of molecular biotechnology that demonstrates why corporate claims about the inherent safety of GMOs and their centrality in reducing world hunger are utter nonsense.”–Sheldon Krimsky, PhD, Professor, Tufts University, USA; co-editor, The GMO Deception

“The condensed and updated GMO Myths and Truths is a thoroughly researched, evidence-based synthesis of the latest information regarding the environmental and health consequences of genetically-modified crops. Updated and adapted from the well-received GMO Myths and Truths, it refutes common myths surrounding the alleged safety and effectiveness of GMOs and explains, in highly readable fashion, the scientific truths regarding this risky technology. I have found it valuable in my teaching and policy work, and highly recommend it for scientists, policymakers, educators, students, and indeed all individuals concerned about the corporate commodification of the world’s food supply.”–Martin Donohoe, MD, FACP, Adjunct Associate Professor, School of Community Health, Portland State University; Member, Social Justice Committee, Physicians for Social Responsibility; Member, Board of Advisors, Oregon Physicians for Social Responsibility; Senior Physician, Internal Medicine, Kaiser Sunnyside Medical Center, USA

“This is an excellent and urgently needed scientific critique of GM crops.”–Carlo Leifert, Professor for Ecological Agriculture, Newcastle University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK

GMO Myths and Truths provides an unprecedented overview of the current situation regarding genetically modified food production and consumption. Topics covered include the genetic engineering process, the safety questions around GM foods, and agronomic and environmental problems during GM crop cultivation, including weed and pest resistance and the consequences of contamination. This book will prove extremely useful for scientists, policymakers and students. In addition, it will inform members of the public, activists, farmers, and consumers.”–Mohamed Habib, PhD, Full Professor, UNICAMP, Brazil

GMO Myths and Truths is a comprehensive study of the myths and facts surrounding genetically modified foods and crops. It illuminates aspects of the topic that are commonly misunderstood. The issues are systematically explained and analyzed in simple language, which is nonetheless precise. I would recommend this book to postgraduate students of genetics as well as interested members of the public. I am confident that it will prove a success worldwide and within Brazil.”–Nagib Nassar, PhD (Genetics); Professor Emeritus, University of Brasilia, Brazil

“An opt-out clause used by the members of many governments is that they ‘will make no decisions unless backed by sound scientific evidence’. This blind faith in the honesty and integrity of all scientists has proved, repeatedly, to be based on false assumptions. Politicians often fail to recognize that scientists and manufacturers are, like the rest of us, human. They can fall prey to the same ambitions, to financial greed, to a hunger for prestige, and to manipulating their findings in order to satisfy these cravings, just like some in other walks of life. Politicians like black-and-white – there can be no shades of grey or room for doubt, and they leave little scope for scientists to admit that they don’t know, so those with integrity are caught in a cleft stick. Do they speak out and risk being pilloried by those in power, or do they quietly keep their heads down?

“Nowhere is the controversy greater than in the scientific research upon which the reputed safety of genetically modified organisms is founded. We should be extremely grateful to the authors of GMO Myths and Truths for having the courage to review the research and to tell the world of their findings.”–Margaret, Countess of Mar, independent cross-bench member of the House of Lords of the UK Parliament and an elected hereditary peer.

wordpress GMOs show 'substantial non-equivalence' – By Dr. Eva Sirinathsinghji

wordpress article 3feeding the world without GMOs

wordpress no consensus on gmo safety

Source: No Scientific consensus on GMO safetyby Angelika Hilbeck et al; Environmental Services Europe; January 24, 2015

wordpress belinda gmo not safe absurd

wordpress colin todhunter monsanto does not label not sound science

wordpress article 22afeeding the world without GMOs

wordpress article feeding the world without GMOs - Will Biotech Feed the World The Broader Context

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wordpress about page mae-wan ho

For reference and reading:

ban gmos now report (image 2)

Ban GMOs Now – Health and Environmental Hazards, Especially in Light of the New Genetics,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho and Dr. Eva Sirinathsignhji, Institute of Science in Society; July 2013 (52 pages)

Since Dr. Mae-Wan Ho passed away in 2016, her website, Institute of Science in Society has been maintained and is currently archived by the U.K. government. The website has undergone changes, and some links to major GMO related publications are currently broken. In order to make them available, I have uploaded them here.

Banishing Glyphosate,” by Dr. Eva Sirinathsinghji, Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, et al., Institute of Science in Society; September 2015 (90 pages)

Banishing Glyphosate (with supplement),” by Dr. Eva Sirinathsinghji, Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, et al., Institute of Science in Society; September 2015 (110 pages)

A Roundup of Roundup® Reveals Converging Pattern of Toxicity from Farm to Clinic to Laboratory,” by Dr. Eva Sirinathsinghji, Institute of Science in Society; January 19, 2015 (16 pages)

Ban GMOs Now – Health and Environmental Hazards, Especially in Light of the New Genetics,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho and Dr. Eva Sirinathsignhji, Institute of Science in Society; July 2013 (52 pages)

GM is Dangerous and Futile – We Need Organic Sustainable Food and Energy Systems Now,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Institute of Science in Society; October 2008 (10 pages)

Food Futures Now: Organic – Sustainable – Fossil Fuel Free,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Sam Burcher, Lim Li Ching, et al, Institute of Science in Society; 2008 (178 pages)

GM Food Nightmare Unfolding in the Regulatory Sham,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Joe Cummins & Peter Saunders, Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease, vol.19; May 14, 2007 (19 pages)

The Case for a GM-Free Sustainable World – Independent Science Panel,” by Mae-Wan Ho, Lim Li Ching, et al, Institute of Science in Society; June 2003 (136 pages)

Selected Lectures – Genetic Engineering 1995-2001,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Institute of Science in Society; March 2002 (72 pages)

Hazards of GM Crops,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Joe Cummins et al, Institute of Science in Society; March 2002 (38 pages)

The Science Wars, Volume 1 – Debating Scientists,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho and others, Institute of Science in Society; March 2002 (55 pages)

The Science Wars, Volume 2 – Civil Actions,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho et al, Institute of Science in Society; March 2002 (40 pages)

The Science Wars, Volume 3 – Suppressing Dissent,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, et al, Institute of Science in Society; March 2002 (27 pages)

Transgenic Instability,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Joe Cummins and Angela Ryan, Institute of Science in Society; March 2002 (24 pages)

Horizontal Gene Transfer – The Hidden Hazards of Genetic Engineering,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Third World Network; 2001 (30 pages)

Cauliflower Mosaic Viral Promoter – A Recipe for Disaster?” by Mae-Wan Ho, Angela Ryan and Joe Cummins, Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease, Vol, 11, No. 4; January 1999 (4 pages)

The following is the authors’ reply to critiques of “The Cauliflower Mosaic Viral Promoter – a Recipe for Disaster?”

Hazards of Transgenic Plants Containing the Cauliflower Mosaic Viral Promoter,” by Mae-Wan Ho, Angela Ryan and Joe Cummins, Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease Vol 12, Issue 1; January 2000 (6 pages)

This was followed later with this relevant publication: “CaMV 35S Promoter Fragmentation Hotspot Confirmed, and it is Active in Animals,” by Mae-Wan Ho, Angela Ryan and Joe Cummins, Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease, Vol. 12, Issue 3; November 2000 (One page)

The Unholy Alliance,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, originally published in The Ecologist; Vol.27, No.4, July-August 1997 (13 pages)


Glyphosate Research Compilation,” by Dr. Alex Vasquez & Dr. Eva Sirinathsinghji, Institute of Science in Society; Updated November 22, 2015 (245 pages); a list of abstracts of studies related to glyphosate’s adverse effects on the environment & on animal & human health

Glyphosate Nontoxicity -The Genesis of a Scientific Fact,” by Marek Cuhra, Journal of Biological Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 15, September 2015 (8 pages)

Trends in Glyphosate Herbicide Use in the United States and Globally,” by Charles M. Benbrook, Environmental Sciences Europe, Vol. 28 Issue 3; February 2, 2016 (15 pages)


Monsanto on trial: Holding big agribusiness to account at the peoples’ tribunal,” in Ninety-Nine: Challenging the Power of the 1%, Issue 6” by Global Justice; September 2016 (20 pages)

This publication can also be downloaded from HERE.

No scientific consensus on GMO safety,” by Angelika Hilbeck, Rosa Binimelis, Nicolas Defarge, Ricarda Steinbrecher, András Székács, Fern Wickson, Michael Antoniou, Philip L Bereano, Ethel Ann Clark, Michael Hansen, Eva Novotny, Jack Heinemann, Hartmut Meyer, Vandana Shiva and Brian Wynne, Environmental Sciences Europe, Vol. 7, Issue 4; January 24, 2015 (6 pages)

No scientific consensus on GMO safety (with Signatories),” by European Network of Scientists for Social Responsibility (ENNSR); 2013-2015 (27 pages)

Genetic Engineering and Food Sovereignty: Sustainable Agriculture is the Only Option to Feed the World – Threats by GM-Agriculture, Ways towards Sustainable Agriculture and Lobbying Work in Developing Countries,” by Church Development Service; April 2009 (142 pages)

Rubber-Stamped Regulation: The Inadequate Oversight of Genetically Engineered Plants and Animals in the United States,” By Genna Reed, Sustainable Development Law & Policy, Volume 14, Issue 3; 2014 (12 pages)

Twenty Years of Failure – Why GM Crops Have Failed to Deliver on Their Promises,” Edited by Janet Cotter, Marco Contiero, Dirk Zimmermann and Justine Maillot; Greenpeace. November 2015 (40 pages)

Field-Evolved Resistance in Corn Earworm to Cry Proteins Expressed by Transgenic Sweet Corn,” by Galen P. Dively, Dilip Venugopal and Chad Finkenbinder, PLoS One, Vol. 11, No. 12; December 30, 2016 (22 pages)

Essential Features of Responsible Governance of Agricultural Biotechnology,” by Sarah Hartley, Frøydis Gillund, Lilian van Hove & Fern Wickson, PLoS Biology, vol. 14, No. 5; May 4, 2016 (7 pages)

Persistent narratives, Persistent Failures: Why GM Crops do not – and will not – ‘feed the world,’” by Taarini Chopra, Canadian Food Studies (La Revue canadienne des études sur l’alimentation) [Special Issue: Mapping the Global Food Landscape], Vol. 2, No. 2; September 2015 (8 Pages)

‘Golden Rice’ GM Vitamin-A Rice,” by Canadian Biotechnology Action Network (CBAN); Updated July 2016 (8 pages)

Golden Rice: Myth, not Miracle,” by Vandana Shiva, GMWatch; January 12, 2014

Non-GM soy more sustainable than GM – study,” by Claire Robinson; GMWatch; July 2, 2015

Failure to Yield – Evaluating the Performance of Genetically Engineered Crops,” by Doug Gurian-Sherman, published by: Union of Concerned Scientists; April 2009. (50 pages)

Counting the Costs of Genetic Engineering,” by Edward Hammond, Greenpeace International; January 26, 2010 (23 pages)

Deficiencies in Federal Regulatory Oversight of Genetically Engineered Crops,” by Brian Tokar, Institute for Social Ecology Biotechnology Project; June 2006 (8 pages) [Includes Addendum]

Brazil’s National Cancer Institute names GM crops as cause of massive pesticide use,” by Claire Robinson, GMWatch, April 9, 2015

Possible health impacts of Bt toxins and residues from spraying with complementary herbicides in genetically engineered soybeans and risk assessment as performed by the European Food Safety Authority EFSA,” by Christoph Then and Andreas Bauer-Panskus, Environmental Sciences Europe, Vol. 29, No. 1; January 2017 (11 pages)


Where in the World are GM Crops and Foods?” by the Canadian Biotechnology Action Network (CBAN), Report 1; March 2015 (30 pages)

This publication can also be found HERE.

Are GM Crops Better for the Environment?” by the Canadian Biotechnology Action Network (CBAN), Report 2; May 2015 (46 pages)

This publication can also be found HERE.

Are GM Foods better for Consumers?” by the Canadian Biotechnology Action Network (CBAN), Report 3; September 2015 (53 pages)

This publication can also be found HERE.

Are GM Crops Better for Farmers?” by the Canadian Biotechnology Action Network (CBAN), Report 4; November 2015 (44 pages)

This publication can also be found HERE.

Are GM Crops and Foods Well Regulated?” by the Canadian Biotechnology Action Network (CBAN), Report 5; December 2015 (42 pages)

This publication can also be found HERE.

Do we need GM crops to feed the world?” by the Canadian Biotechnology Action Network (CBAN), Report 6; December 2015 (24 pages)

This publication can also be found HERE.

Genetically Engineered Trees in Canada,” by the Canadian Biotechnology Action Network (CBAN); October 2015 (2 page)


GMOs and poverty: definitions methods and the silver bullet paradox,” by Brian Dowd-Uribe, Canadian Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 37, Issue 1; September 2016 (10 pages)

Engineering yields and inequality? How institutions and agro-ecology shape Bt cotton outcomes in Burkina Faso,” by Brian Dowd-Uribe, Geoforum, Vol. 53; May 2014 (11 pages)

Seeds and places: The geographies of transgenic crops in the global south,” by Brian Dowd-Uribe, Geoforum, Vol. 53; May 2014 (4 pages)

GMOs are not necessary to feed the World,” by Jeff Kirkpatrick, Ban GMOs Now; January 6, 2016

Who Benefits from GM Crops? – Feeding the Biotech Giants, not the World’s Poor,” by Juan Lopez Villar, Bill Freese, Helen Holder, Kirtana Chandrasekaran and Lorena Rodriguez; published by: Friends of the Earth International, February 2009 (48 pages)

Who Benefits from GM Crops? The Rise in Pesticide Use,” by Juan Lopez and Bill Freese, published by Friends of the Earth International; January, 2008 (45 pages)

Genetically Engineered Crops, Glyphosate and the Deterioration of Health in the United States of America,” by Nancy L. Swanson, Andre Leu, Jon Abrahamson and Bradley Wallet; published in the Journal of Organic Systems, 9(2), 2014 (32 pages)

Impacts of genetically engineered crops on pesticide use in the U.S. — the first sixteen years,” by Charles Benbrook, Environmental Sciences Europe; December 2012, 24:24

Genetically Modified Organisms: A Summary of Potential Adverse Effects Relevant to Sustainable Development – Biosafety Report,” by Georgina Catacora-Vargas and Anne I. Myhr, GenØk – Centre for Biosafety; February 2011 (86 pages)

Seeing GMOs from a Systems Perspective: The Need for Comparative Cartographies of Agri/Cultures for Sustainability Assessment,” by Amaranta Herrero, Fern Wickson and Rosa Binimelis, Sustainability, Vol. 7, Issue 8; August 20, 2015 (24 pages)

Pesticide Use on Genetically Engineered Crops,” by Ramon J. Seidler, PhD, Office of Research and Development, Western Ecology Division in Corvallis OR; September 2014 (12 pages)

Compositional differences in soybeans on the market: Glyphosate accumulates in Roundup Ready GM soybeans,” by Thomas Bøhn, Marek Cuhra, Terje Traavik, Monica Sanden, John Fagan, Raul and Primicerio, Food Chemistry, Vol. 153; June 15, 2014 (9 pages)

Specificity and Combinatorial Effects of Bacillus Thuringiensis Cry Toxins in the Context of GMO Environmental Risk Assessment,” by Angelika Hilbeck & Mathias Otto, Frontiers in Environmental Science, Vol. 3 Article 71; November 9, 2015 (18 pages)

White Paper on RNAi Technology as a Pesticide: Problem Formulation for Human Health and Ecological Risk Assessment,” Submitted to the FIFRA Science Advisory Panel [EPA] for Review and Comment October 29, 2013 (39 pages)

Genetically Modified Living Organisms and the Precautionary Principle,” by Professor Dr. Ludwig Krämer, Testbiotech; September 2013. (72 pages)

The Precautionary Principle Requires to be Interpreted Critically and Pre-emptively for its Proper Application to the Unique Risks of GM crops,” By Aruna Rodrigues, Third World Network. March – April, 2015 (59 pages)   [Lead Petitioner (Public Interest Writ (PIL) in India’s Supreme Court)]

Monarchs in Peril: Herbicide-Resistant Crops and the Decline of Monarch Butterflies in North America,” by Bill Freese and Martha Crouch, PhD, Center for Food Safety; February, 2015 (88 pages)

Unknown Benefits, Hidden Costs,” by Ben Lilliston & Jim Kleinschmit, Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy; August 4, 2015

The Bees Burden – An Analysis of Pesticide Residues in Comb Pollen and Trapped Pollen from Honey Bees in 12 European Countries,” by Paul Johnston, Christiane Huxdorff, Gergely Simon & David Santillo, Greenpeace Research Laboratories;  April 2014 (55 pages)

Dripping Poison – An Analysis of Neonicotinoid Insecticides in the Guttation Fluid of Growing Maize Plants,” by Gergely Simon, Christiane Huxdorff, David Santillo & Paul Johnston, Greenpeace International; December, 2013 (15 pages)

Heavy Costs: Weighing the Value of Neonicotinoid Insecticides in Agriculture,” by Sarah Stevens & Peter Jenkins; Center for Food Safety  2014 (24 pages)

Glyphosate Effects on Plant Mineral Nutrition, Crop Rhizosphere Microbiota, and Plant Disease in Glyphosate-Resistant Crops,” by Stephen O. Duke et al, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry; 2013 December 11; 61(51): 12745

Scientist finding many negative impacts of Roundup Ready GM crops,” by Ken Roseboro, published by: The Organic & Non-GMO Report; January/December 2010

Glyphosate Herbicide Found in Many Midwestern Streams, Antibiotics Not Common,” by USGS (U.S. Geological Survey); August 4, 2015

Glyphosate-Resistant Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) Increases Herbicide Use, Tillage, and Hand-Weeding in Georgia Cotton,” by Lynn M. Sosnoskie and A. Stanley Culpepper, Weed Science, Vol 62; 2014 (11 pages)

Scientists Reveal Glyphosate Poisons Crops and Soil,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Institute of Science in Society; May 19, 2010

U.S. researchers find Roundup chemical in water, air,” by Carey Gillam, Reuters; August 31, 2011

The Environmental Impacts of Glyphosate,” published by: Friends of the Earth Europe; June, 2013 (20 pages)

Widespread Glyphosate Contamination in USA,” by Dr. Eva Sirinathsinghji, Institute of Science in Society; October 8, 2014

A Valuable Reputation Suppression and Attacks on Tyrone Hayes,” by Rachel Aviv, The New Yorker; February 10, 2014

The ‘Revolving Door’ between Regulatory Agencies and Industry: A Problem That Requires Reconceptualizing Objectivity,” by Zahra Meghani and Jennifer Kuzma, Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, Vol. 24, Issue 6; December 2011 (25 pages)

GM CROPS: Research Documenting the Limitations, Risks and Alternatives,” by GMWatch; December, 2009 (12 pages)


Anniversary of a Whistleblowing Hero (Part 1 of 2),” by Jeffrey Smith, Institute of Responsible Technology; August 10, 2010

Biotech Propaganda Cooks Dangers out of GM Potatoes (Part 2 of 2),” by Jeffrey Smith, Institute of Responsible Technology August 10, 2010

Effect of diets containing genetically modified potatoes expressing Galanthus nivalis lectin on rat small intestine,” by Stanley W. B. Ewen & Arpad Pusztai, The Lancet, Vol 354; October 16, 1999 (2 pages)

Why I cannot remain silent: Interview with Dr. Arpad Pusztai,” by (originally published by GM-FREE Vol. 1, no. 3 August/September 1999)

Genetically Modified Foods: Potential Human Health Effects (Book excerpt),” by Arpad Pusztai, Susan Bardocz and Stanley W.B. Ewen, GM-free Cymru; 2003 (28 pages); Chapter 16 in “Food Safety: Contaminants and Toxins” edited by J.P. F. D’Mello, published by CABI (April 2003)


Broadening the lens for the governance of emerging technologies: Care ethics and agricultural biotechnology,” by Christopher J. Preston & Fern Wickson, Technology in Society, Vol. 45; May 2016 (10 pages)

Journal editor admits involvement in Ermakova ‘set-up’” by GM-Free Cymru

Yet again — Monsanto seeks to suppress ‘inconvenient’ GMO research,” by GMO-Free Cymru

Please Stop Dangerous Attacks on ALL Independent GMO Researchers,” by Jeffrey M. Smith, GMO Judy Carman; June 3, 2013

The Silencing of Hector Valenzuela,” by PR Watch; April 2015

CORRUPT: The Government’s Revolving Door with Monsanto,” by Sara, Sally Homemaker

‘Big 6’ Pesticide and GMO Corporations,” by SourceWatch (undated)

Seedy Business: What Big Food is hiding with its Slick PR Campaign on GMOs,” by Gary Ruskin, USRTK (U.S. Right to Know); January, 2015 (63 pages)

The Absurdity of Claiming that ‘All GMOs are Safe,” by Dr. Belinda Martineau, Biotech Salon; June 16, 2015

GMO Myths and Truths – 2.3 Myth: The Nicolia review compiles 1700+ studies showing that GMOs are safe,” an excerpt from “GMO Myths and Truths 2nd Edition,” by John Fagan PhD, Michael Antoniou PhD, and Claire Robinson MPhil; Earth Open Source (2014).

Meet the Scientific ‘Experts’ Claiming GMO Foods are Safe,” by Michele Simon, Eat Drink Politics; September 12th, 2012

Defying Nature: The Ethical Implications of Genetically Modified Plants,” by Debra M. Strauss, Journal of Food Law & Policy Vol. 3, No. 1; 2007 (37 pages)

Establishment of transgenic herbicide-resistant creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera L.) in nonagronomic habitats,” by Jay Reichman, Lidia Watrud, E. Henry Lee, Connie Burdick, Mike Bollman, Marjorie Storm, George King, and Carol Mallory-Smith, Molecular Ecology, Vol. 15, No. 13; November 2006 (13 pages)

Prevalence of Genetically Modified Rice, Maize, and Soy in Saudi Food Products,” by Rafaat Elsanhoty, A. I. Al-Turki and Mohamed F. Ramadan, Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol. 171, No. 4; August 1, 2013 (17 pages)

Caution required for handling genome editing technology,” by Motoko Araki, Kumie Nojima, and Tetsuya Ishii, Trends in Biotechnology, Vol. 32, No. 5; May 2014 (4 pages)

Milkweed loss in agricultural fields because of herbicide use: effect on the monarch butterfly population,” by John Pleasansts and Karen Oberhauser, Insect Conservation and Diversity, Vol. 6; March 12, 2012 (10 pages)


The Genetic Engineering of Food and the Failure of  Science – Part 1: The Development of a Flawed Enterprise,” by Don Lotter,  International Journal of the Sociology of Agriculture and Food, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 31-49; December 19, 2008 (19 Pages)

The Genetic Engineering of Food and the Failure of Science – Part 2: Academic Capitalism and the Loss of Scientific Integrity,” by Don Lotter,  International Journal of the Sociology of Agriculture and Food, Vol. 16, No. 1; Dec. 23, 2008 (19 pages)

A related article is here (Interview with the author, Don Lotter): “Scientist jeopardizes career by publishing paper criticizing GM foods,” by Ken Roseboro, The Organic & Non-GMO Report; November 2009

A related YouTube video (lecture by Don Lotter) is here: “Genetically Engineered Foods and the Failure of Science” YouTube (1:05:03) published by Don Lotter on June 22, 2012


GM Food Nightmare Unfolding in the Regulatory Sham,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Joe Cummins and Peter Saunders, Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease, 1-12; May 14, 2007 (13 pages)

Deficiencies in Federal Regulatory Oversight of Genetically Engineered Crops,” by Brian Tokar, Institute for Social Ecology Biotechnology Project (published by Environmental Commons); June 2006

Book Review: “Craig Holdrege and Steve Talbott: Beyond biotechnology: the barren promise of genetic engineering,” by Sambit Mallick, Agriculture and Human Values, Vol. 28, No. 1; February 2011 (2 pages)

Bioprospecting, biopiracy and food security in India: The emerging sides of neoliberalism,” by Sayan Bhattacharya, International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 23; March 2014 (9 pages)

Climate-Ready Seeds and Patent Rights: A Question of Climate (in) Justice?” by Anne Saab, Global Jurist, Vol.15, Issue 2; June 2015 (17 pages)

Plant Genetic Resources in an Age of Global Capitalism,” by Noah Zerbe, Canadian Food Studies (La Revue canadienne des études sur l’alimentation) [Special Issue: Mapping the Global Food Landscape], Vol. 2, No. 2; September 2015 (7 pages)

GM is Dangerous and Futile – We Need Organic Sustainable Food and Energy Systems Now,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Institute of Science in Society; October 2008 (10 pages)


Glyphosate Formulations Induce Apoptosis and Necrosis in Human Umbilical, Embryonic, and Placental Cells,” by Nora Benachour and Gilles-Eric Séralini, Chemical Research in Toxicology, Vol. 22, No.1; 2009 (9 pages)

A glyphosate-based herbicide induces necrosis and apoptosis in mature rat testicular cells in vitro, and testosterone decrease at lower levels,” by Émilie Clair, Robin Mesnage, Carine Travert and Gilles-Éric Séralini, Toxicology in Vitro, Volume 26, Issue 2; March 2012 (11 pages)

Answers to Critics: Why there is a Long Term Toxicity Due to a Roundup Tolerant Genetically Modified Maize and to a Roundup Herbicide,” by Gilles-Eric Séralini, Robin Mesnage, Nicolas Defarge, Steeve Gress, Didier Hennequin, Emilie Clair, Manuela Malatesta and Joël Spiroux de Vendômois, Food and Chemical Toxicology, Vol. 53; March 2013 (8 pages)

Letter to the Editor,” by Jack A. Heinemann, Food and Chemical Toxicology, Vol. 53; March 2013 (1 page)

Conflicts of interests, confidentiality and censorship in health risk assessment: the example of an herbicide and a GMO,” by Gilles-Eric Séralini, Robin Mesnage, Nicolas Defarge and Joël Spiroux de Vendômois, Environmental Services Europe, Vol. 26, No. 13; 2014 (6 pages)

Conclusiveness of toxicity data and double standards,” by Gilles-Eric Séralini, Robin Mesnage, Nicolas Defarge and Joël Spiroux de Vendômois, Food and Chemical Toxicology, Vol. 69; July 2014 (8 pages)

Republished study: long-term toxicity of a Roundup herbicide and a Roundup-tolerant genetically modified maize,” by Gilles-Eric Séralini et al, Environmental Sciences Europe, Vol. 26, No. 1; 2014 (17 pages)

A challenge to scientific integrity: a critique of the critics of the GMO rat study conducted by Gilles-Eric Séralini et al. (2012),” by Ulrich E. Loening, Environmental Sciences Europe, Vol. 27, No. 1; June  2015 (9 pages)

Transcriptome profile analysis reflects rat liver and kidney damage following chronic ultra-low dose Roundup exposureTranscriptome profile analysis reflects rat liver and kidney damage following chronic ultra-low dose Roundup exposure,” by Robin Mesnage, Matthew Arno, Manuela Costanzo, Manuela Malatesta, Gilles-Eric Séralini and Michael Antoniou, Environmental Health, Vol. 14, No. 1; August 2015 (14 pages)

(Full) Reasoning of the Jury for the 2015 Whistleblower Award to Professor Gilles-Eric Séralini,” by the Whistleblower Award Jury; September 2015 (14 pages)

Why glyphosate is not the issue with Roundup – A short overview of 30 years of our research,” by Gilles-Eric Séralini, Journal of Biological Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 15, No. 3; 2015 (9 pages)

Pathology reports on the first cows fed with Bt176 maize (1997–2002),” by Gottfried Glöckner and Gilles-Éric Séralini, Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Science Vol. 6, No. 1; January 2016 (8 pages)

A Review on Impacts of Genetically Modified Food on Human Health,” by Charu Verma, Surabhi Nanda, R.K. Singh, R.B. Singh and Sanjay Mishra, The Open Nutraceuticals Journal, Vol. 4; February 2011 (9 pages)

30 Years of Genetically Engineered Plants – 20 Years of Commercial Cultivation in the United States: A Critical Assessment,” by Dr. Christoph Then, Testbiotech; January 2013 (48 pages)

Red alert! GMO avalanche in Mexico,” by GRAIN, November 21, 2012 (12 pages)

GMOs: Fooling – er, ‘feeding’ – the world for 20 years,” by GRAIN May 2013 (6 pages)


How glyphosate is being whitewashed for its review in the EU and the US,” by Dr. Rosemary Mason; December 4, 2013 (5 pages)

Corporate Espionage: The Séralini Affair and Beyond,” by Dr. Rosemary Mason; December 13, 2013 (46 pages)

We Are What We Eat – The poisoning of our food supply,” by Dr. Rosemary Mason; April 10, 2014 (52 pages)

The sixth mass extinction and chemicals in the environment: our environmental deficit is now beyond nature’s ability to regenerate,” by Rosemary A. Mason, Journal of Biological Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 15, No. 3, 2015 (17 pages)

Open letter to the Director General of the BBC and the former Defra Minister Lord de Mauley about Monsanto,” by Rosemary Mason; April 5, 2016 (99 pages)

A Letter from America about the dangers of GM Crops and glyphosate,” by Rosemary Mason, March 2, 2016 (34 pages)

The Problem with Nutritionally Enhanced Plants,” by David Schubert, Journal of Medicinal Food, Vol. 11, No. 4; July 2008 (6 pages)  [NEP = nutritionally enhanced plants such as Golden Rice]

Genetically Modified Plants Used for Food, Risk Assessment and Uncertainty Principles: Does the Transition from Ignorance to Indeterminacy Trigger the Need for Post-Market Surveillance?” by Katharine A. Van Tassel, Boston University Journal of Science and Technology Law, Vol. 15; July 7, 2009 (32 pages)

An Illusory Consensus behind GMO Health Assessment,” by Sheldon Krimsky, Science, Technology, & Human Values; August 7, 2015 (32 pages)

GM crops: rebuttal of claims on safety and benefits,” by Claire Robinson, Ban GMOs Now; October 30, 2016  (31 pages) [originally published by Corporate Europe Observatory on June 13, 2016]

10 Reasons We Don’t Need GM Foods,” by Claire Robinson, Michael Antoniou, and John Fagan, Earth Open Source; 2014 (17 pages)

Co-Formulants in Glyphosate-Based Herbicides Disrupt Aromatase Activity in Human Cells below Toxic Levels,” by Nicolas Defarge, Gilles-Eric Séralini, et al, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , Vol. 13, No. 3; February 26, 2016 (17 pages)

Inclusion and implementation of Socio-Economic Considerations in GMO Regulations: Needs and Recommendations,” by Rosa Binimelis and Anne Ingeborg Myhr, Sustainability 2016, Vol. 8, No. 1; January 11, 2016 (24 pages)

Review of GMO Safety Assessment Studies: Glyphosate Residues in Roundup Ready Crops is an Ignored Issue,” by Marek Cuhra, Environmental Sciences Europe; Vol. 7; November 7, 2015 (14 pages)

USAID: Making the world hungry for GM crops,” by GRAIN; April 25, 2005 (24 pages)

GM Crops in India: Agricultural Sustainability at Stake,” by Amanpreet Kaur, OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol. 6, No. 10; 2013 (9 pages)

Glyphosate in German adults – Time trend (2001 to 2015) of human exposure to a widely used herbicide,” by André Conrada, Christa Schröter-Kermania, Hans-Wolfgang Hoppeb, Maria Rüthera, Silvia Piepera and Marike Kolossa-Gehring, International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, Vol. 220, Issue 1, January 2017 (9 pages)


In 2012, two scientists from the European Food & Safety Authority (EFSA) published a study that indicated the viral promoter known as CaMV 35S which had been used in the majority of GMOs during the previous decades also carried fragments of DNA from another viral gene, Gene VI. This is alarming if for no other reason than these fragments were present for so many years without anyone being aware of them. This supports the contention that what is unknown about GMOs exceeds what is known, and that generalized claims that GMOs are safe are not based on complete information because there are too many unknowns. Additionally, these fragments were still active and Gene VI is a potential safety threat. Jonathan Latham, PhD and Allison Wilson, PhD published an article about these findings and the EFSA dismissed their concerns. They published a follow-up article. Additionally, GenØk (Centre for Biosafety in the University of Norway) published a brief article which also raised concerns. The original link to the EFSA study has changed, but it can be found here:

Possible consequences of the overlap between the CaMV 35S Promoter Regions in Plant Transformation Vectors used and the Viral Gene VI in Transgenic Plants,” by Nancy Podevin and Patrick du Jardin, GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain, Vol. 3 No. 4; 2012 (5 pages)

[This publication is also here in HTML format: Nancy Podevin & Patrick du Jardin (2012) Possible consequences of the overlap between the CaMV 35S promoter regions in plant transformation vectors used and the viral gene VI in transgenic plants, GM Crops & Food, 3:4, 296-300, DOI: 10.4161/gmcr.21406]

And the articles are here:

Regulators Discover a Hidden Viral Gene in Commercial GMO Crops,” by Jonathan Latham, PhD and Allison Wilson, PhD, Independent Science News; January 21, 2013

Is The Hidden Viral Gene Safe? GMO Regulators Fail To Convince,” by Jonathan Latham, PhD and Allison Wilson, PhD, Independent Science News; February 27, 2013

Scientific assessment of publication by Podevin and du Jardin – (2012),” by GenØk; January 4, 2013


This USDA report states that pesticide use has gone down due to GMOs, particularly Bt crops – but those claims are incorrect and misleading:

Pesticide Use in U.S. Agriculture: 21 Selected Crops, 1960-2008,” by Jorge Fernandez-Cornejo, Richard Nehring, Craig Osteen, Seth Wechsler, Andrew Martin & Alex Vialou, USDA Economic Research Service; May 2014 (86 pages)

The USDA does not include data for neonicotinoids which are used in seed treatments for GMO crops: The agency is mandated to promote GMOs, so it is not surprising that the report says that pesticide use has gone down thanks to Bt crops.Buried in the appendix the report states, “…these estimates do not account for the increased use of insecticide seed treatments with such materials as neonicotinoids … applied at very low rates, because seed treatments are not included in the USDA or proprietary data.” Neonicotinoids are not applied “at very low rates” at all. This study shows the huge increase in the use of neonicotinoid insecticides that the USDA excludes from their report:

Large-Scale Deployment of Seed Treatments Has Driven Rapid Increase in Use of Neonicotinoid Insecticides and Preemptive Pest Management in U.S. Field Crops,” by Margaret R. Douglas and John F. Tooker, Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 49, Issue 8; April 2015.

A summary article is here: “Claims of reduced pesticide use with GM crops are baseless, new study shows,” by Claire Robinson, GMWatch; April 4 2015

“When neonicotinoids are included, claims that pesticide use have gone down due to Bt GMO crops are unfounded. Even if neonicotinoids are excluded, there is no overall reduction in pesticide use: “Provided that the in-plant produced insecticide is not counted, then GM Bt crops led to a reduction in insecticide use of 56 million kilograms. When the in-planta insecticide is added back, there is no net reduction in insecticide application” [Citations omitted] SEE: “Sustainability and innovation in staple crop production in the US Midwest,” by Jack A. Heinemann et al, International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, Vol. 12, Issue 1; June 14, 2013; ALSO SEE:  “Reply to comment on sustainability and innovation in staple crop production in the US Midwest,” by Jack A. Heinemann, Melanie Massaro, Dorien S. Coray & Sarah Zanon Agapito-Tenfen, International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, Vol. 12, Issue 4; August 4, 2014.

[Jack A. Heinemann et al (2014) Sustainability and innovation in staple crop production in the US Midwest, International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 12:1, 71-88, DOI: 10.1080/14735903.2013.806408 and Jack A. Heinemann et al (2014) Reply to comment on sustainability and innovation in staple crop production in the US Midwest, International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 12:4, 387-390, DOI: 10.1080/14735903.2014.939843]

In addition, in the same report – in a separate section – the USDA admits that a reduction in pesticide use “may” be attributed to the promotion of Integrated Pest Management (IPM): “USDA, the Land Grant Universities, and EPA have collaborated in promoting IPM, including support for four regional IPM centers, to develop new methods to manage pests and educate growers about how to use them. This effort may have reduced reliance on pesticides and influenced use patterns by developing pest management approaches that integrate use of chemical, biological, and cultural controls, including new seed varieties, crop rotation, and other practices, often including pest and weather information and predictive models to use pesticides and other practices more efficiently.” Yet, the report ignores these facts and clearly implies that “GM crops and GM crops alone are responsible for the decline in pesticide use.” Bear in mind that the USDA is also mandated to promote GMOs. Therefore, whatever reports are published about GMOs by the USDA must be understood in the context that the agency is compromised by a bias in favor of promoting these products.


 

CRISPR & Gene Drives,” by GeneWatch, Vol. 30 No. 1; February 6, 2017 (22 pages)

IARC Monographs: 40 Years of Evaluating Carcinogenic Hazards to Humans,” by Neil Pearce et al, Journal of Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 123, Issue 6; June 2015 (16 pages)

Statement of rebuttal evidence for hearings on GMO provisions in the Auckland Unitary Plan and Whangarei and Far North District Plans,” by Jack Heinemann; September 10, 2015 (38 pages)

Carcinogenicity of tetrachlorvinphos, parathion, malathion, diazinon, and glyphosate,” by Kathryn Z Guyton et al, International Agency for Research on Cancer Monograph Working Group, The Lancet Oncology; March 20, 2015 (2 pages)

Glyphosate re-assessment in Europe is corrupt: Toxicology,” by Dr. Nancy L. Swanson (23 pages)

This publication can also be downloaded and viewed HERE.

A related article is here: Source: “Scandal of Glyphosate Re-assessment in Europe,” by Dr. Nancy Swanson and Dr. Mae Wan Ho, Institute of Science in Society; July 7, 2014

The Unholy Alliance,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, originally published in The Ecologist; Vol.27, No.4, July-August 1997 (13 pages)

How the Terminator Terminates: An explanation for the non-scientist of a remarkable patent for killing second generation seeds of crop plants,” by Martha L. Crouch, The Edmonds Institute; 1998 (11 pages)

Use of Terminator Technology in GMOs: Implications for Farmers’ Right to Save Seed in Bangladesh,” by Md. Mehedi Hasan, University of Dhaka; undated (16 pages)

Linking Intellectual Property Rights with Plant Genetic Resources: Myths and Realities for Food Security in Least Developed Countries such as Bangladesh,” by Mohammad Towhidul Islam (21 pages)

Health risks of genetically modified foods,” The Lancet, Volume 353, Number 9167; May 29, 1999 (One page)

Unraveling the DNA Myth: The spurious foundation of genetic engineering,” by Barry Commoner, Mindfully;February 2002 (14 pages)

Manufacturing Drugs & Chemicals in Crops – Biopharming Poses New Threats,” by Bill Freese, Friends of the Earth; July 2002 (98 pages)

Regulating Transgenic ‘Pharm’ Plants: Pre-Commercialization Review and Post-Commercialization Monitoring,” John D. Quisel, 2004 3rd Year Paper, DASH (Harvard Access to Digital Scholarship), Harvard Law School; April 2004 (52 pages)

Roundup Ready Wheat – An Overview Based on Advancements in the Risk Assessment of Genetically Engineered Crops,” by Doug Gurian-Sherman, Ph.D., Center for Science in the Public Interest; 2003 (27 pages)

Monsanto’s Harvest of Fear: Monsanto’s Cruel, and Dangerous, Monopolization on American Farming,” by Donald L. Barlett and James B. Steele, Vanity Fair; May 2008 (17 pages)

We Already Grow Enough Food for 10 Billion People … and Still Can’t End Hunger,” by Eric Holt-Giménez, Annie Shattuck, Hans Herren & Steve Gliessman, Journal of Sustainable Agriculture; July 2012 (5 pages)

Defining World Hunger – Scale and Neoliberal Ideology in International Food Security Policy Discourse,” by Lucy Jarosz, Food Culture and Society, Vol. 14, Issue 1; March 2011 (23 pages)

The Bad Seeds: The Broken Promises of Agricultural Biotechnology,” by Food & Water Watch; October 2009 (6 pages)

Climate Change, Food Security, and Agrobiodiversity: Toward a Just, Resilient, and Sustainable Food System,” Carmen G. Gonzalez, Fordham Environmental Law Review, VOL. XXII; 2011 (29 pages)

The Sociology of Agriculture in Transition: The Political Economy of Agriculture after Biotechnology,” by Gabriela Pechlaner, Ph.D., Canadian Journal of Sociology, Vol. 35, No. 2; January 2010 (28 pages)

Genetically Modified Organisms and Justice: The International Environmental Justice Implications of Biotechnology,” by Carmen G. Gonzalez, Georgetown International Environmental Law Review (GIELR), Vol. 19; 2007 (53 pages)

The Implications of Dumping of Agricultural Products in Asia,” by Ros-b Guzman, Special Release, Issue No. 2, Pesticide Action Network Asia Pacific (PANAP) & the People’s Coalition on Food Sovereignty (PCFS); December 2006 (34 pages)

Not Under the Same Sky: Bilateral Free Trade Agreements (FTAs), Agriculture and Food Sovereignty,” by Aziz Choudry, Special Release, Issue No. 3, Pesticide Action Network Asia Pacific (PANAP) & the People’s Coalition on Food Sovereignty (PCFS); January 2007 (42 pages)

WTO’s Renewed Attack on Food Sovereignty,” by Sonny Africa, Special Release, Issue No. 4, Pesticide Action Network Asia Pacific (PANAP) & the People’s Coalition on Food Sovereignty (PCFS); June 2007 (14 pages)

The Role of International Agreements in Achieving Food Security: How Many Lawyers Does It Take to Feed a Village?” by Jack A. Bobo, Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, Vol. 40; 2007 (11 pages)

Seed-dressing systemic insecticides and Honeybees,” by Laura Maxim and Jeroen van der Sluijs, Chapter 16 in ‘Late Lessons from Early Warnings II: Science, Precaution, Innovation,’ by the European Environment Agency January, 2013 (59 pages)

Hungry for Innovation: Pathways from GM crops to Agroecology,” by David A. Quist, Jack A. Heinemann, Anne I. Myhr, Iulie Aslaksen and Silvio Funtowicz, Chapter 19 in ‘Late Lessons from Early Warnings II: Science, Precaution, Innovation,’ by the European Environment Agency January, 2013 (29 pages)

The Myths of Agricultural Biotechnology: Some Ethical Questions,” by Miguel A. Altieri, Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley; July 7, 2000

Consuming (F)ears of Corn: Public Health and Biopharming,” by Rebecca Bratspies, American Journal of Law & Medicine; 2004 (53 pages)

Hungry Corporations: Transnational Biotech Companies Colonise the Food Chain,” by Helena Paul and Ricarda Steinbrecher, with Devlin Kuyek and Lucy Michaels, Econexus and Pesticide Action Network, Asia-Pacific; November 2003 (131 pages)

The Linkage between Patenting of Life Forms, Genetic Engineering and Food Insecurity,” by Wangari Maathai, Review of African Political Economy, Vol. 25, No. 77; 1998 (4 pages)

Congressional Hearing: “Agriculture Biotechnology: A Look at Federal Regulation and Stakeholder Perspectives,” by the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, U.S. Senate, 114th Congress; October 21, 2015 (253 pages)

Congressional Hearing with comment (Including testimony of James H. Maryanski, Biotechnology Coordinator of the FDA): “Plant Genome Science: From the Lab to the Field to the Market, Part III,” by the Subcommittee on Basic Research of the Committee on Science, House of Representatives; October 19, 1999 (39 pages)

Transgenic pollen harms monarch larvae,” John Losey, Linda Rayor & Maureen Carter, Nature 399, 214. May 20, 1999.   .


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